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Iceland is a Nordic island nation closer to the coast of Greenland than to Norway. It has a landmass of a little under half the size of the UK but with a population of only 330,000 people. Fishing, farming and tourism are important industries. The international airport is at Keflavik about 20 minutes’ drive from the capital Reykjavik.
Iceland is a very young country from a geological point of view. Study Iceland’s unique landscape and you will instantly recognise it has been formed by the powerful forces of nature. It straddles the Mid Atlantic Ridge. The west of Iceland is on the North American Plate and the east of Iceland is on the Eurasian Plate. It is an evolving landmass.
Here you will discover active volcanoes, stark rugged mountains towering over green valleys, crystal clear rivers and lakes, amazing waterfalls and a stunning coastline. Despite its name only 10% of the country is covered in ice. There are over a hundred volcanos on the central plateau which have not erupted in the past thousand years and between 30 and 40 that are active, meaning that they have erupted within last few centuries. The geological activity that creates the volcanos provides a vast supply of geothermal energy. Over 90% of housing in Iceland I is heated by natural geothermal heat - one of the cheapest and cleanest forms of energy in existence. Hot springs can be found almost everywhere, and the melt water created by sub-glacial volcanos provides the country with a huge potential source of hydro power. This clean energy has made Iceland one of the least polluted countries in the world.
Activities in Iceland include: geothermal tours, hiking, walking, whale watching, sea fishing and game fishing. Accommodation ranges from comfortable B&B’s to friendly quality hotels. It is also possible to hire country and coastal cottages.
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